BREED INFORMATION

Origin

The Pomeranian got its name from the region of Pomerania, which is now the area of Germany and Poland, where it was developed from the
ancient Spitz breeds. The original Pomeranian's were much larger, weighing up to 30 pounds, and worked as sheep herders. Marie
Antoinette, Emile Zola, Mozart and Queen Victoria all owned Pomeranian. In 1870 the Kennel Club in England first recognized them
as a breed. In 1888 Queen Victoria began breeding and showing the dogs. It was she who started breeding them down in size, making the
breed very popular in England. The Pomeranian was first recognized by the AKC in 1888. Some of the Pom's talents include: watchdog, agility
and performing tricks. Poms make superior circus performers.

Description

The Pomeranian is a small, toy-sized dog. The head is wedge-shaped and in proportion with the body. The short muzzle is straight and fine.
The stop is well pronounced. The color of the nose varies with coat color. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The almond-shaped eyes are
dark and medium in size. The small, erect ears are set high. The feathered tail lies straight and flat over the back. Dewclaws are
sometimes removed. The Pom has a thick, double coat. The outer coat is long, straight and harsh in texture, while the undercoat is soft,
thick and short. The coat is longer around the neck and chest area. Comes in a variety of coat colors and patterns including red, orange,
white, cream, blue, brown, black, black and tan, wolf sable, orange sable, brindle and parti-color, which is white with colored markings.

Height, Weight
Height: 4 - 6 inches (16 - 25 cm)
Weight: 2 - 3 pounds (1 - 3 kg)

Temperament

The Pomeranian is a proud, lively little dog. It is intelligent, eager to learn, very loyal to its handler and family. The Pom is a wonderful
companion and show dog. The breed's docile temper and affectionate nature endear it to many. It is alert, inquisitive and active: one of
the most independent of the toy breeds, it needs a firm, gentle hand. Its liveliness and spirit make it well-liked by persons who do not
usually care for toy dogs. Pomeranian's may be picky eaters. If they are properly introduced they usually get along with other dogs and
household animals without any problems. Poms make good little watchdogs. Teach this dog early that it may bark a couple of times
when the doorbell rings or when there are visitors, but then to keep quiet. Be very consistent about this. Poms have a delightful nature
and do not cling to their handlers. This happy pup is good at learning tricks. Pomeranian's need to see their owners as boss or they will
become very demanding. If you allow your dog to tell YOU when and where to do things than you have a potential problem on your hands and
you may not even realize it. It is not cute or smart, it's dominance and will lead to bigger problems in the future if it has not already.
Because of this breeds tiny size and its adorable Ewok-looking face, there are a very high percentage of Poms that fall victim to Small Dog
Syndrome, human induced behaviors where the dog believes he is pack leader to humans. This can cause many varying degrees of behavior
problems, which are NOT Pomeranian traits, but behaviors brought on by the way they are treated by the humans around them. Behaviors include,
but are not limited to separation anxiety, becoming willful, nervous, bold and sometimes temperamental, not hesitating to attack much bigger
dogs. Guarding behaviors and excessive barking as they try and tell  THEIR humans what THEY want them to do. They can become reserved with
strangers, barking at them excessively, and sometimes growling, snapping and biting. Because most humans treat this tiny canine in
such a manner that the dog does not see them as pack leader, they are not recommended for children. However, if a Pom is given rules to
follow, limits as to what it is allowed to do, daily pack walks and a calm, self-assured pack leader who displays confident assertion
towards the dog, this can be a well-rounded, mentally stable, trustworthy, wonderful family companion. Because of its size, it can
make a good companion for an elderly person.

Living Conditions

The Pomeranian is good for apartment living. These dogs are very active indoors and will do okay without a yard. Be careful they do not
overheat in hot weather.

Grooming
The Pomeranian's very long, double coat should be brushed frequently. If you work from the head, parting the coat and brushing it forward,
it will fall neatly back in place, so the task, although time-consuming, is relatively easy. The cottony undercoat is shed once or twice a year. Dry shampoo when necessary. Clean the eyes and ears daily and take the dog for regular dental checkups.